HIV is now one of the biggest issues happens in all over the world, especially here in East Java that bears 1st predicate of the highest amount patients infected HIV in Indonesia. Due to this case, Department of Oral Medicine and Oral Medicine Specialist Program invites the citizens of Surabaya to join the Talk Show placed in Grand City Convention and Exhibition Hall enliven the event of Jawa Timur Fair on October 10th 2019 themed “HIV Infection Detection from The Oral Cavity” to get information and be educated about this case. This Talk Show has been routinely held in the last few years, and the chairman of this Talk Show is Fatma Yasmin Mahdani, drg., M.Kes.
The first oral sign that commonly found in patient with HIV is Oral Candidiasis which caused by the change of oral condition due to the HIV and its treatment. Oral Candidiasis clinically appear with white patches could be placed anywhere in the mouth. Main caused of this sign is a fungal infection.
Secondly on the topic is Oral Hairy Leukoplakia, this sign occurred mostly on the tongue in the form of hair-like white patches. The patient may complain burning sensation and dry mouth. This sign also caused by the fungal infection. Third sign that may be found is Linear Gingival Erythema. Appears as a reddish line on the border between tooth and gingiva.
At the end of discussion, the team from Department of Oral Medicine and Oral Medicine Specialist Program gives some advices for the participants to break the stigma of HIV patients because they deserve to be treated as the uninfected persons wants to be treated, they deserve the same opportunity to live their life. This disease cannot be fully cured but the replication of the virus can be inhibited by certain treatments; Antiretroviral (ARV). Otherwise, it can be given antifungal, antivirus, stress management and get examined by dentist regularly at least once in 6 months to maintain and improve the oral condition in HIV patient.
HIV could infect a person by several ways, mostly by sexual activity. A mother that infected by HIV could infects the intrauterine baby and through breastfeeding process. Also, this disease could be avoided by not doing sex before marriage, avoid the free sex, using condom, and avoid the use of alternately syringe.
Dr. Desiana Radhitia, drg., Sp.PM(K) as a Coordinator Oral Medicine Specialist Program stated that this topic supports Faculty of Dental Medicine Airlangga University in the field of special care dentistry, especially the management of oral diseases on HIV patients.